I'm referring to the late WW2 officer's service uniforms of course. Problem is, I'm not sure what exactly what colors they are supposed to be. I have the Miniart figures and references, but no precise information on what the colors are supposed to be.
"Pinks and Greens" are still traditionally worn as the dress uniform by the Cadet Corps at Texas A&M today. They were adopted pre-WWII and primarily a wool gaberdine officers uniform, consisting of dark tan trousers with a very slight "rosey-brown" hue (hence the "pink"-- but not really any pink is in it at all) and a gaberdine jacket of a dark OD green. Post WWII, they were replaced by an all green winter uniform, and an all tan summer uniform. These were in turn replaced by the "Green" service uniform in the late 60s. The "pink and green" uniform is currently under revision for adoption by the Army as the next "Service Uniform" (some of the above photos) to replace the "Dress Blue" uniform as the service uniform. Here's an article about the Army's new uniform, with plenty of history on the old uniform:
Ah, ah, ah! Not so fast...
"Pinks and Greens" referred to the WWII-style US Army Class A Officers' Uniform which has been described above. However, "Pinks and Greens" were not the official standard as set down by the US Army. I will first explain the Officers' Uniform; I will then explain the Enlisted Mens' Uniforms, hereafter referred to as EMs' Uniforms.
The Official US Army Class A Uniform, (as of November 4, 1942) called for the Officers' Service Coat AND Trousers of Wool Elastique, sometimes referred to as "gabardine". This was an especially fine-quality material, manufactured in Dark OD Shade 51, ofttimes referred to as "Chocolate". This coat was a four-"flap-pocket" design, with brass buttons, with integrated Epaulettes. These were sewn into the shoulder at the sleeve end, and buttoned down at the collar. German Uniform-fans will note that high-ranking German Officers' (Field-grade and above) Epaulettes were separate pieces, which were attached with a sling under the Epaulette, and buttoned-down at the collar. Some of the Officers' Service Coats featured a two-vented, bi-swing back, depending on the manufacturer. Many others were were made without the vents. The Officers' Service Coat featured a tapered pattern to accentuate the male figure, and an attached OD Shade 51 Belt, fasted at the back, and closed by means of a brass Buckle at the front.
I'm lucky to own one of each type, plus a full Class A Summer Cotton Khaki Officer's Uniform, (Khaki Shade 1), with the option of wearing either the Cotton Khaki Officer's Service Cap, or the Khaki Cotton Garrison Cap, sometimes referred to as the "P*ss-Cutter", or "C*nt-Cap".
More affluent, higher-ranking US Army Officers usually had their Class A Uniforms custom-made and tailored, however these uniforms still had to conform to Mil. Specs. General George S. Patton was a classic example of the leeway that the US Army allowed high-ranking Officers concerning their Uniform items. About 1943, US Army Officers and EMs started to have some of their Service Coats cut at the waist, mimicking General Eisenhower's cut-down Jackets- That's how the "Ike Jacket" came into being. It, was not an official US Army item, but it was deemed to be "OK" for everyday wear.
The Officers' Service Coat also featured a half-inch strip of OD Shade 53 mohair braid, 3-inches above the cuff. This high-quality Uniform was specified to be worn with the DRAB Officers' Pattern Dress Shirt, and the Khaki Mohair Tie. "DRAB" was the official US Army name of the color referred to as "PINK". Drab cloth material does indeed have a "pinkish"-cast to it, but "Pink" was strictly a slang term and not an official name for that color.
Prior to December 1941, a Black Tie was specified to be worn. During the early months of 1942, the Black tie was officially replaced by the Khaki Mohair Tie. Some of the photos in this thread show people wearing OD Ties, which were never specified by the US Army.
"Pinks" were merely an option that could be worn when the official Class A Officers' OD Shade 51 Service Trousers were not necessarily required. That means every day Officers' dress-wear, and not official functions such as "decoration ceremonies" and the like.
In addition to the Drab Shirt, Officers had the option of wearing the Officers' Pattern OD Dark Shade 51 Winter Service Shirt with the Khaki Mohair Tie, and also had the options of wearing Officers' Pattern wool shirts in either OD Shade 50, OD Light Shade 54, Khaki Shade 1, or in Summer, cotton Officers' Pattern service Shirts in Khaki Shade 1.
Service Shoes were officially to be manufactured in Russet leather or Oxblood leather, after a civilian "Oxford"-pattern.
The Official Officers' Service Cap, (the one with the round crown and Russet leather peak, or bill) was manufactured in OD Shade 51, with a mohair Shade 53 band, and a Russet leather Peak and double Chin Strap, attached with twin brass buttons at the temples. This cap had a semi-stiff rubber grommet inside of the Crown, in order to keep the cap's round shape. The Service Caps shown in the photos are REPRODUCTIONS, and not very good ones, at that. I have 2 ORIGINAL WWII Officers' Service Caps in my collection of WWII Uniforms, one with the rubber grommet in the crown, and one without the grommet, in order to represent the USAAF-style "50-Mission Crush". Both of these caps are of very good quality, and even my "Crush" has a "softer and richer" look to it than those fakes in the photos. The grommets were originally removed from the Service Caps by "rebellious" USAAC flying Officers and aircrew, (US Army Air Corps, prior to becoming the US Army Air Forces) in early 1942), since many of them wore the caps while flying and wearing their "commo" Headphones. They also looked a little bit "racier" with the grommets removed. Many Officers kept TWO OD Shade 51 Service Caps; one for every day service and "walking out", and one for the formal "decoration ceremonies", parades, etc.
I also have 2 different Officers' Pattern Garrison Caps- one in OD Shade 51 Elastique and the other in OD Shade 39 Wool Serge. Both have the required Officers' Gold/Black Piping.
My pride and joy in my uniform collection is my OD Shade 51 Class A USAAF Major General's Uniform; Service Coat & Trousers, OD Shade 51 Shirt, Khaki Mohair Tie, Russet Shoes, and my OD Shade 51 "50-Mission Crush", or I can wear my OD Shade 51 Garrison Cap. These are ALL original WWII items. I am also lucky enough to own an Officer's OD Shade 51 "Ike" Jacket.
Just for conversations' sake, I also have a US Army Cavalry Officer's Uniform, (Major, 5th Cavalry, circa 1925), complete with Riding Breeches, Russet elk Hide leather Laced-and-Buckle riding Boots, a "proper" Campaign Hat, Sam Browne Belt with M1912 Holster and leather Riding Crop. All original stuff. It took me YEARS and a small fortune to get that uniform together. Also, I have a WWII US Navy Rear Admiral's "Blues", with the appropriate White Service Cap. I've yet to put together the equivalent-rank "Whites" Summer Uniform...
Enlisted Mens' Uniforms-
I'm only going to describe a few basics of the EMs Class A Service Uniforms-
EMs didn't wear Class A "Pinks and Greens", because:
a. They didn't have any "Pinks" to wear, and
b. They wore OD Shade 39 M1939 wool serge Service Coats and generally M1937 Light Shade OD Trousers prior to 1942, which were only SLIGHTLY lighter in color as compared to their M1939 Service Coats. No such thing as custom-made tailoring, or "mix and match" for EMs.
Wool trousers manufactured in OD Shade 39 were proscribed in early 1942. I have these original items in my collection as well, so it's easy for me to compare and comment upon them.
The EMs' Pattern Service Shirts could vary; these were made in various shades of OD Wool or Wool Flannel, for winter wear. These varied between manufacturers. The "Lightest" Shade of OD in the EMs' wool Service Shirts was sometimes referred to as "Mustard", but shades usually ran between OD Shades M1937 and M1939.
Service Shoes were manufactured in Russet leather, and depending on the service required, could be supplemented with the M1938 Leggings.
Summer-weight Cotton Khaki Uniforms were also supplied in Shade 1 Khaki. Service and Garrison Caps were made of the same OD Shade 37, followed with Shade 39 items in 1942. I'm not going to go into Combat Uniform items, as we are discussing "Pinks and Greens" in this thread.
Hopefully, I've cleared up the muddy waters, some. "Pinks and Greens" were for the Officers' "unofficial discretions" and not really "required wear"...